The Ministry of Music 1
"It came even to pass, as the trumpeters and singers were as one, to make one sound to be heard in praising and thanking the Lord; and when they lifted up their voice with the ... instruments of music, ... that then the house was filled with a cloud, even the house of the Lord; so that the priests could not stand to minister by reason of the cloud: for the glory of the Lord had filled the house of God." II Chronicles 5:13, 14
A. The earliest instruments of music (Hebrew, kinnor, translated "harp" in Genesis 4:21) were invented by a man named Jubal
B. Other instruments were later made by David (I Chronicles 23:5; II Chronicles 7:6; 29:26) and Solomon (II Chronicles 9:11).
C. Some were made of silver (Numbers 10:1, 2), some of brass (I Chronicles 15:19), and some of fir wood (II Samuel 6:5).
D. The use of musical instruments in worship can be seen both in the Old (I Chronicles 13:8; II Chronicles 5:12,13; Nehemiah 12:35-41; etc.) and in the New Testaments (Revelation 5:8, 9; 14:2, 3; 15:20; 18:22).
E. However, instruments were used on occasions other than the worship of God.
- The timbrel (tambourine) was popular in use with dance to celebrate military victories. (Exodus 15:1-21, Judges 11:34, I Samuel 18:6)
- The trumpet had multiple uses.
a. To proclaim feast days. (Leviticus 23:23-25; 25:9)
b. To gather an assembly. (Numbers 10:1-8)
c. To sound an alarm for battle against the enemy. (Numbers 10, Nehemiah 4:18, 20, Joel 2:1, Amos 3:6, Jeremiah 4:19, I Corinthians 14:8)
d. To herald the arrival of a new king. (I Kings 1:34-44)
- The harp and oboe were used during joyous secular festivities. (Isaiah 5:12, Amos 5:23; 6:4-6)
- The oboe was also played during funeral ceremonies. (Matthew 9:23)
- Solomon listened to music for his own personal enjoyment. (Ecclesiastes 2:1, 8)
- Many instruments came to be used in the worship of pagan gods. ( Daniel 3:4-7)