Introduction to music
The definition of a subject matter is a key to understanding that particular subject matter; hence we’re starting this course with the definition of music.
• Music is simply organized sound
• Music is the combination of sound which is pleasant to the ear.
• It can also be said to be the organization of sound in a melodious manner.
• Music is a universal language; it is the same all over the world.
• Music also is the expression of the soul.
SOME MUSIC CONCEPTS:
• Bar-lines: The bar line is the vertical line cutting through the stave at regular intervals. It measures the pulse of a music piece..
• Double bar-lines: It signifies the end of a musical work
• Intensity: is one of the properties of sound. It refers to the loudness or softness of sound
• Pitch: pitch is also one of the properties of sound that refers to how high or how low a sound is.
• Timbre: it is the quality of sound that differentiates one sound from another. It is also called tone color or tone quality
• Accent: is used when emphasis placed on a particular note
• Ledger lines: short horizontal lines used to extend the stave for the purpose of accommodating notes that either too high or too low
• Tonal relationship: tonality is an organized system of tones in which the tonic is the central point to which the remaining tones are related
• Duration: this refers to how long or short a sound is
• Stave: is a podium for writing musical notes, signs and symbols
• Clef: this is a the first musical sign placed at the beginning of the stave
There are seven musical alphabets. These alphabets are gotten from the first seven letters of the English alphabet; they are A B C D E F G. these letters represent each other at both a lower or upper octave, i.e. one can have a lower octave G and an upper octave G, the same applies to all the other alphabets.